Facts About the Northern Hemisphere

PUBLISHED ON 09.19.2022

To study the Earth easier, scientists and cartographers divide the Earth into different segments which are called hemispheres. Hemisphere means “half of a sphere.” The Northern and Southern Hemispheres are divided by the equator.

The Northern Hemisphere is the northern half of the planet. At the Equator, it starts at 0°N latitude and ends at the North Pole at 90°N latitude. The Northern Hemisphere takes up half of the planet, but there might be some facts you don’t know or forgot from your geography classes. Read below for some interesting North Hemisphere facts about the geography, countries that reside, weather, and more!

6 Northern Hemisphere Facts

How big is the Northern Hemisphere?

Geographically, the Northern Hemisphere of the Earth is the half that is north of the equator. Close to 6.57 billion people occupy the Northern Hemisphere, which is about 88-90% of the Earth’s total population of 7.3 billion. 

What countries are in the Northern Hemisphere?

The Northern Hemisphere encompasses five of the seven continents. 

All the countries in the Middle East and Saharan Africa are in the Northern Hemisphere.

African countries in the Northern Hemisphere are Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Eritrea, Niger, Chad, Djibouti, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Cameroon, Nigeria, Sudan, Ethiopia and the northern parts of Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Congo Brazzaville.

Other countries in the Northern Hemisphere also include the following: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Tibet, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Laos, Vietnam, North and South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Malaysia and some parts of Indonesia. Other countries also include Mexico, all of Central America and all of the countries in the West Indies. South American countries in the Northern Hemisphere are most of the Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Almost all of the northern parts of Brazil and Ecuador are also in the Northern Hemisphere.

Does the Southern or Northern Hemisphere have more land?

Compared to Southern Hemisphere, more humans live in the Northern Hemisphere due to the fact that it has more land. The majority of people and major cities live in the Northern Hemisphere. About 68% of the land on the planet is in the Northern Hemisphere. 

What is the weather like in the Northern Hemisphere?

The climate and the landscape of the Northern Hemisphere is very diverse. Because of the diversity, the weather patterns and climate in the Northern Hemisphere can vary. For instance, the Tropic of Cancer lies in the Northern Hemisphere. Summers in this area have very hot and humid weather. However, compared to the Southern Hemisphere, weather in the Northern Hemisphere tends to be cooler because it has more land and less water. In contrast, the Southern Hemisphere has more ocean that store heat energy. 

What is the schedule for seasons in the Northern Hemisphere?

Due to the axial tilt of the Earth, winter in the Northern Hemisphere lasts from the winter solstice, (an astronomical phenomenon, which marks the shortest day and the longest night of the year typically December 21 UTC) to the March Equinox (typically March 20 UTC), while summer lasts from the summer solstice (an astronomical phenomenon which occurs on the longest day of the year typically June 21 UTC) up to the autumnal equinox (typically September 23 UTC). The dates differ every year because of the variation between the calendar year and the astronomical year.

How does the night sky differ between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres?

If viewed from the Northern Hemisphere, the Moon come out reversed or upturned compared to the view from the Southern Hemisphere. From the galactic center of the Milky Way, the North Pole faces away. Because of this, it results in the Milky Way being inadequate, blurred and dark in the Northern Hemisphere compared to the Southern Hemisphere, which makes the Northern Hemisphere more advisable and convenient for deep-space observation and study, as it is not “blinded” by the Milky Way.

Private Jet Travel to the Northern Hemisphere

Now you know some fun facts about the Northern Hemisphere that you can share with your family and friends when you travel! If you wish to travel to the many countries in the Northern Hemisphere, you can book your private jet charter flight with the help and assistance of Charter Flight Group. Explore different countries, cultures, and beliefs by traveling and visiting these countries. Flying with chartered flights lets you experience convenience and efficiency. Charter Flight Group is certain to provide an exceptional travel experience with end to end and dedicated 24/7 VIP Service. So don’t hesitate to ask for immediate assistance on reserving and booking your chartered flights with Charter Flight Group.

Jordan Brown


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