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What is a Cargo Aircraft
Cargo aircraft is a winged transportation propelled through the air by engines that carry goods or products. This can also be known as freight aircraft, freighter, or cargo jet. The goods are carried in huge storage space called the cargo hold. It can be a civilian or military aircraft.
A cargo aircraft has its special design. It has features that make them different from conventional passenger aircraft. It has a wide/tall fuselage cross-section, a high-wing to allow the cargo area to sit near the ground, a large number of wheels to allow it to land at unprepared locations, and a high-mounted tail to allow cargo to be driven directly into and off the aircraft. Some cargo aircraft is big enough to carry a helicopter. Cargo aircraft represents a proportion of the total air freight market. The majority is carried in ULD containers in the cargo holds of a normal passenger.
There are three types of Cargo Aircraft, the Derivatives of non-cargo aircraft, dedicated civilian cargo aircraft, and Joint civil-military cargo aircraft.
In civilian cargo aircraft, it carries only cargo or mail. The aircraft is a kind of airliner. Some civilian cargo aircraft are specially set up for carrying oversized cargo like aircraft wings, tank-trucks, rocket pieces, or in sometimes military heavy trucks and tanks. This includes Airbus A300-600ST, Antonov An-225, and Boeing 747LCF.
In military cases, the cargo aircraft can carry both cargo and passengers. In this case, it is for troops and paratroopers. These aircraft typically have a sloping loading door, located at the rear of the fuselage. Some are with turbojets, other with engines. It is used to airlift troops, weapons and other military equipment by a variety of methods to any area of military operations around the surface of the Earth. This includes Airbus A400M, Antonov An-26, Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, Casa C-295, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, Short 330UTT, Transall C.160.
Most cargo aircraft travel and deliver the goods to its destination from around the world. It’s like air charter services, rendering services and provide the people in terms of air services to make more life easier to deal with.
Cargo aircraft is useful and important to the society. It helps deliver supplies for emergency purposes; it relates to time-sensitive, valuable or perishable freight carried over long distances for it can travel and avoid traffics and it contributes to the world trade.
As early as 1911, aircraft was put to use carrying cargo in the form of air mail. The earliest aircraft was not designed primarily as cargo carriers.In the mid-1920s, aircraft manufacturers designed and built dedicated cargo aircraft. The need for the aircraft was recognized for a freighter aircraft to transport troops and materials quickly to calm tribal revolts in the newly occupied territories of the Middle East. Cargo aircraft, during the early years, provided air charter services to help the people. Cargo aircraft was developed and enhanced nowadays to cater the needs of our society. With the use of high technology, cargo aircraft is now quicker, bigger and competitive to fit the generation.