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ICAO stands for International Civil Aviation Organization. It is an airport code or location indicator, which consists of four-character alphanumeric code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes are defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization, and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning. It is a United Nations specialized Agency established in 1944.
The International Civil Aviation Organization is dedicated to developing safe and efficient international air transport for peaceful purposes and ensuring a reasonable opportunity for every state to operate international airlines. The organization’s headquarters are in Montreal.
This organization defines three kinds of operations, and these include the commercial air transport operation, aerial work operation, and general aviation operation, including private jet services.
This organization was established by the Convention on International on International Civil Aviation, or simply known as the Chicago Convention.
The International Civil Aviation Organization codes are used to identify other aviation facilities such as weather stations, International Flight Service Stations or Area Control Centers, whether or not they are located at airports.
The International Civil Aviation Organization has several activities, and these include the establishment of the international technical standards for aircraft operation and design, crash investigation; the license issuance of personnel, telecommunications, meteorology, air navigation equipment, ground facilities for air transport, as well as search-and-rescue missions.
The organization also promotes regional and international agreements aimed at liberalizing aviation markets, helps to establish legal standards to ensure that the growth of aviation does not compromise safety, and encourages the development of other aspects of international aviation law.
As a specialized agency of the United Nations that codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation, the International Civil Aviation Organization has five additional responsibilities and these are the following: (1) an assembly of all the representatives in each country which happens every three years; (2) a council of the representatives of 33 different member states; (3) an Air Navigation Commission that is responsible for detecting and addressing technical matters; (4) a Committee on Joint Support of Air Navigation; and (5) a finance committee.
In the Air Navigation Commission, there are a total of 19 commissioners that are appointed by the International Civil Aviation Organization Council and its contracting states. The Air Navigation Commission is the one responsible for the development of the aviation standards and recommended practices. The development is done through the International Civil Aviation Organization Panel’s formal process.
One of the standards defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization is the Aeronautical Information Publication accessibility. This means that each country needs to update their Aeronautical Information Publication every 28 days. This is for them to keep updated about the regulations and procedures in each and every airspace and airport. The ICAO also defines a model that is essential in instrument calibration and aircraft design.
The International Civil Aviation Organization helps to promote safety and develop the efficiency of the civil aviation, including the private jet services, globally.