International Civil Aviation Organization
ICAO, which the abbreviation stands for International Civil Aviation Organization, is an intergovernmental specialized United Nations agency. It was established by States in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Chicago Convention, also known as International Civil Aviation or Chicago Convention.
ICAO works collaboratively with the Convention’s 191 Member States and other industry groups in reaching consensus on global civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices or SARPs which includes the policies to support the safety, efficiency, security, economic sustainability and environmental responsibility of civil aviation sector.
- Safety – At the core of organization’s fundamental objectives is Aviation Safety. ICAO works hard on the implementation of practical and achievable measures to improve safety and efficiency in all aviation industry sectors, including private jet services.This approach is to ensure that aviation’s complimentary achievements of marking the safety and efficiency air transport network continue to serve an important role to support global social and economic priorities.
- Security and Facilitation – Working in collaboration with the Member States, ICAO plays an important leadership role in the field of aviation security. Its ultimate goal is to enhance civil aviation security worldwide. Up to this end, its primary focus is to develop and coordinate an effective international policy and legal framework in response to the threat evolving to civil aviation, conducting security audits that identify aviation shortcomings and assisting States to implement security standards and resolve deficiencies.
- Economic Development of Air Transport – The goal of this Strategic Objective is to foster the development of the economically-viable air transport system (airlines, airports, air navigation service providers and others) and enhance its economic efficiency and transparency while facilitating access to give funding for aviation facilities and other investment needs, technology transfer and capacity building in supporting the growth of air transportation and for the benefit of all stakeholders.
- Environmental Protection – One challenge that ICAO takes very seriously is on how to improve the environmental performance of aviation industry.To fulfill its responsibilities, they developed a set of standards, policies and guidance material to apply integrated measures in addressing aircraft noise and control of engine emissions embracing technological improvements, operating procedures, appropriate organization of air traffic, proper airport and land-use planning, and the use of market-based options.
The organization has several activities such as establishing and reviewing international technical standards for the operation and design of aircraft, crash investigation, the issuing of license of personnel, telecommunications, meteorology, air navigation equipment, ground facilities for air transportation and even search-and-rescue missions. The organization is also promoting both regional and international agreements. Its aim is to liberalize aviation markets, helping to establish legal standards ensuring that the growth of aviation doesn’t compromise safety and give encouragement to develop other aspects of international aviation law.
The organization defines three types of operations, and these are commercial air transport operation, aerial work operation and general aviation operation, including private jet services.
The International Civil Aviation Organization is dedicated to helping in promoting a safe and orderly development of the civil aviation industry, including the private jet services, internationally.