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Hawker Hurricane was designed and mainly built for the Royal Air Force (RAF) by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. It is a British single-seat fighter aircraft. During the Britain Battle, the aircraft became outstanding due to the RAF’s air battle victories and catered all the major theater of the Second World War II.
The aircraft carry out to be as fighters, bomber-interceptors, fighter-bombers and ground support aircraft. By the end of 1944, almost 14,600 Hurricanes were built including almost 800 transformed to Sea Hurricanes.
The RAF Fighter Command during the time when Hurricane was developed, consisted of 13 squadrons. Each armed with Hawker Fury, Hawker Demon or Bristol Bulldog. Biplane with fixed-pitch wooden propellers and non-retractable undercarriages.
Sydney Camms designed the Hawker P.V.3, originally a scaled-up version of the Fury. However, the P.V.3 was dropped. After the rejection, Camm began to work on a cantilever monoplane with a fixed undercarriage armed with four machine guns and powered by the Rolls-Royce Goshawk. On January 1934, design and detail drawings were finished but failed to impress and amaze the Air Ministry.
In June 1936, the production of the aircraft Hurricane was ordered, the main reason for the production was due to its relatively simple construction and ease of manufacture. As the war continues and time was the basis for giving RAF with an efficient fighter aircraft, it was uncertain if the more advanced Spitfire would come in the production smoothly and evenly while Hurricane used well-understood manufacturing manner.This was a fact for service squadrons at the same time, which were seasoned in working on and fixing the aircraft whose construction employed the same foundations as the Hurricane, and the directness of its design empowered the spontaneity of some significant repairs in squadron workshops.
Faster and more progressive and advanced than the RAF’s current front line biplane fighters, the Hurricane’s constructional design was already obsolete when introduced.
The model and early production Hurricanes were equipped with a Watts two-bladed fixed pitch propeller. This was ineffective at low air speeds, the Hurricanes needed a long ground run to get airborne, this caused concern at Fighter Command.
The first production aircraft was powered by Merlin II engine took place on October 12 1937. On the month of December, the first four aircraft to get in use and service with the RAF joined No. 111 Squadron RAF at RAF Northolt. Due to the disruption and outbreak of the Second World War II, almost 500 Hurricanes had been formed and produced and had armed 18 squadrons.
During the Phoney war in 1939, the Hurricane had its baptism of fire on October 21. On that day, a flight of 46 Squadron took off from North Coates satellite airfield, on the Lincolnshire coast, and was focused and directed to ambush a formation of nine Heinkel He 115B floatplanes searching for ships to charge and attack in the North Sea.
Hawker Hurricane was just previously used as a military aircraft. It does not cater commercial or executive jet charter services.
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