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FAA

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FAA

How the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Works

 

The Federal Aviation Administration accomplishes its mission through a series of undertakings that can be divided into three main categories:

  1. Airspace Management

Safety is among the main jobs at the FAAA. The Federal Aviation Administration is the agency that ensures all the aircraft are safe, the airports are safe from terrorists, pilots are safe and so on. One crucial part of safety is to make sure that aircraft don’t crash into each other while they are flying.

The NAS of National Airspace System is the one responsible for all airplanes that are moving at any given time. The NAS supervises both U.S. commercial and civilian airplanes and also is in charge of providing traffic control for military aircraft hovering over domestic airspace.

The ACTC or airport traffic control tower is the one in charge of managing aircraft in the airport. The ATCT can be found in the airport and mainly handles aircraft that is departing or arriving at that specific airport.This is how it works. For instance, when a charter private jet departs from an airport, the ATCT hands it to the local TRACON or terminal radar approach control facility. A TRACON acts as the “middleman” who takes over aircraft management from the moment they take off an airport until they reach a traveling altitude of 5,486 meters or 18,000 feet or higher. From that moment, the TRACON hands the charter private jet to the regional ARTCC. But, if it is a small airplane and is flying below 18,000 feet through the duration of the flight, the TRACON will handle the flight. The ARTCC is in charge to an area of airspace identified by the FAA.The destination of the charter private jet is the jurisdiction of another ARTCC. In general, the first ARTCC hands off the charter private jet to the other ARTCC as it leaves the airspace of the first ARTCC. The cycle of handing-off goes on until the charter private jet is in the boundaries of the destination ARTCC. As the charter private jet reaches its destination, the ARTCC of the destination airport will give the charter private jet to the local TRACON, who will guide the charter private jet to the airport. As the charter private jet prepares for its final descent, the TRACON will hand the charter private jet to the ATCT of that airport. The ATCT is responsible for guiding the charter private jet during landing and telling what gate to go to so passengers can get off.

  1. Regulation and Licensing

The FAA is in charge of enforcing safety and security for the airspace in the USA. This is done by the implementation of airport and airline security guidelines. Furthermore, the FAA is the US licensing authority for aircraft pilots. In the US, the FAA is in charge of certifying almost everything that is related to aerospace, which includes charter private jet and commercial space operations.

  1. Research and Development

The FAA is regularly studying, evolving or executing new programs, methods, and technology that will help develop the field of aviation. Of the agency’s $3.2-billion budget for the year 2001, about $187-million has been allotted for research and development. The FAA even has a number of sub-organizations like the Office of Aviation Research that are devoted to research and development.

The vital areas of FAA research include:

  • Air traffic management and control
  • Navigation systems
  • Airport security
  • Aviation technology
  • Satellite technology
  • Surveillance systems
  • Communications systems
  • Landing systems
  • Aircraft noise pollution
  • Energy conservation
  • Hazardous materials transportation