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Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain was a German, who was considered as among the creators of jet propulsion. He was responsible for designing the first self-contained jet engine to work, and he was also the first to give power to an all-jet airplane. Though none of his designs has made into production, his influence on the creation of the jet engine was extremely vital.
Dr. Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain has designed the first working jet engine. However, he was not credited as the one who first invented the jet engine. Frank Whittle of Great Britain, who was able to register his patent in 1930 for the turbojet engine, was the one who was recognized although he didn’t perform a flight test up to 1941.
Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain was born on December 14, 1911, in Germany. In 1933 he created his theory about jet propulsion at the same time pursued a doctorate in Physics at the University of Göttingen.In 1935, he received his degree; he became Robert Wichard Pohl’s junior assistant, who was the director of the Physical Institute of the University.
During 1936, Dr. Ohain was given a patent for his turbojet, and he also joined the Heinkel Company in Rostock, Germany. In September 1937, he was able to make a factory-tested demo engine and on 1939, a fully working jet aircraft, which was called the He 178. Afterward, Ohain headed the making of He S.3B, the first ever fully operation centrifugal-flow turbojet engine. This turbojet engine was fitted in the He 178 aircraft, which led to the world’s first jet-propelled aircraft flight on August 27, 1939.
Ohain created a much better engine, the He S.8A, which was used to fly a jet on April 2, 1941. However, this engine design was not that efficient as compared to the engine made by Anselm Franz, which powered the Me 262, the first ever working jet fighter aircraft.
Dr. Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain came to the USA in 1947 and worked as a research scientist at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. During September 1963, he was hired as the chief scientist of the Aerospace Research Laboratories. And in 1975, he was appointed as the chief scientist for the Wright’s Aero Propulsion Laboratory, where he in charge of the maintenance of the technical quality of research in air-breathing propulsion, petrochemicals and power. In 1979, he retired and became a consultant to the University of Dayton Research Institute.
In the span of his 32-year service in the US Government, Ohain was able to publish over 30 technical papers registered to 19 U.S. patents. He has acquired a number of awards and honors like the Department of Defense Distinguished Civilian Service Award, the Goddard Award of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the Air Force Systems Command Award for Meritorious Civilian Service. Dr. Ohain was enshrined in the Engineering and Sciences Hall of Fame and the International Aerospace Hall of Fame and on 1990 in the National Aviation Hall of Fame. Dr. Ohain was enshrined in 1991 by the U.S. National Academy of Engineering with the Charles Stark Draper Prize as a forerunner of the jet age.
On March 13, 1998, Dr. Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain died at his home in Melbourne, Florida.
Without question, Hans Joachim Pabst made an immense contribution to the aviation industry. His ideas and invention provided concepts to our modern aircraft engine engineers; modern aircraft engine engineers who create the advanced engines of airplanes for private jet flights that we relish today.
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